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Mole removal: design and feedback on efficiency
Effectiveness and expediency of using different methods of scaring moles
For a city resident, a mole is almost mythical, it is known that it exists somewhere, but nobody saw it. For a summer resident or a villager - almost like a cat or a dog. If we see this - that means, next to the mole:
To scare off a mole, you can make a vibrator, proudly called an electromechanical. Below is a description of its design, circuit, printed circuit board (the design was developed by Titarenko, Kiev). Simple details are used, they are for every radio amateur.
Description of the vibrator construction
This simple device can be assembled in a few hours. It is based on a low frequency generator on the DD1 chip. The oscillation frequency is given by the resistors R1, R2 and the capacitor C1. The operation of the vibrator signals the glow of the LED H1, which can not be installed. Electromagnet Y1 is the load of the generator. He moves the side that hits the resonator's wall. The resonator transmits the ground to low frequency oscillations, they scare the moles.
The most difficult part of the device is the vibrator U1. It is made from the relay used in the control circuits of electric drives of alternating current up to 380V and DC circuits up to 220V. The relays are disassembled, the winding 3 is rolled up and wound on a frame a winding high-strength copper wire with a diameter of 0.25 mm to fill the frame. The contact group is removed from the anchor 2 and the steel wire is fixed to its place (1.2-1.5 mm diameter, 100-120 mm length (4)). At the end of the wire soldered the lid 6. The resonator, to which the vibrator is attached, may be a metal tube or a glass bottle.
The operating frequency of the oscillator is approximately 1 Hz, it is set by the resistor R1. The spring 1 is weakened or compressed and thus achieved
stable vibrator operation. Power supply 9 V, the electromagnet steadily works at a voltage of 6-7 V (they are achieved by the experimental selection of winding turns). The device is drowned near the creep and checks the efficiency of the device.
It's easy to make. But is this device effective? Reviews about the effectiveness of these hide scams are different. In general, their meaning is reduced to the following.
If the ground is loose - no results. Much depends on the hardness of the soil, the depth of the drowning of the vibrator, the presence of obstacles in the ground on the path of sound.
Manufacturers of such devices are confident in their effectiveness. We must remember that to a large extent the positive or negative result is determined by the conditions of application.
At home level, the position usually "is my land - I bought it, processed it, and it will dig in here? Yes never! "Therefore, in addition to electromechanical vibrators, there are many different ways to fight this little animal.
Ways to scare away moles
The first thought of an ordinary person in the form of a wicked work:
- What would be done to make this creature no longer digging?
And they do. Often use noise and vibration. They set wind turbines and turntables. But wind turbines and turntables, which create noise on the site, need to be set pretty much to get some result. In a circle with a radius of 1-2-3 meters (depending on the ground), the moth will not be, and then it already digs, as if nothing was done). Here are some converters that can be made of plastic bottles (blades are cut along a solid line and bend along the dotted line, the iron bar stumbles into the ground).
The second way is smells. Cross races are stuffed with rags soaked with kerosene, fish heads or spoiled eggs. The absurd moles, like humans, bypass this side and make moves not far from the place of the "ecological catastrophe".
The third way is plants. It is said that the moles bypass the side of the place where the beans grow. As if by practice this is confirmed, but in this case, the site should be planted with beans around the perimeter so that the moles do not penetrate into it.
These are the usual means, and there are exotic ones. That's what the Ukrainian and Russian peasants tell.
I have no moles in the plot. But my grandmother had moles, and, moreover, she stuffed them. 3. My grandfather and rags gasped with gas, I put them in mink, and I was flooded with ammonia, even the reed was plugged into each mink, but nothing helped. One day the grandmother was nervous and accidentally dropped half a bell of validol tablets into a mink. Moles literally knocked out the plot. True, for a short time, they returned a month later. The grandmother immediately treated them with validol and they left again.
I found an ultrasonic scammer on the Internet, I do not remember the firm, but I think the principle of action for all is about the same. It is a cylinder with a hat, thick cylinders are inserted into the cylinder and it is periodically cracked. I bought 2, I think it should be enough. According to the declared technical characteristics, its radius of operation is about 15-20 meters. Crete liked the instrument! They snored as they continued to dig. On our site scammers turned out to be useless. My husband stuck several bars of valves, and from above put on jars of beer, they dumbfound, of course, but not very much. No special effect was seen. But for 2014, the neighbor brought and left for the whole season at his site four cats. They chose some of their route through our site, we did not object, began to treat them with delicacies. Well, what do you think, the moles have become smaller, much less. And in 2015, these cats, it seems, scared everyone, and moles and mice. That's it!
Last year I put an ultrasound scammer. About him he wrote that he and the bears are frightened. But both the nurses, and the holes of the moles did not go anywhere - apparently, ultrasound does not work on them. Then I dug up bottles from the champagne throat upwards at an angle of 45 degrees. There were no new pits, (the wind blows in the neck and creates an unpleasant sound for the moles).
I used different ways to fight, but to no avail. The acquaintance brought some trouble-free, proven pills, asserting that after using the pills, the moles climbed out of the nor and waved a white flag. In the package of 3 pills, I ordered 10 pcs.<
1. Laid 30 pills in all possible runs and holes. DOES NOT WORK!
2. Flooded ammonia, chlorine, caustic chemistry for wood. DOES NOT WORK!
3. He took the tackle of a triple hook, tied a thick fork, dumped worms and various larvae, carefully put hooks in the holes with bait in hopes of catching the moles. DOES NOT WORK!
4. Two weeks ago when I saw again that the wreck had pulled a pair of sand buckets on my track, I took a canister with gasoline and a fire extinguisher.
Unloaded the biggest move, and poured 1.5 liters of petrol (it's dangerous, it's better not to repeat), waited a few minutes for the couples to go along the way, and threw a match from afar. It was amazing! Outcome: two burned roses, a sown juniper, + heated hair. But the result is achieved, two weeks of silence, movement of the mint is not noticed.
But is it necessary to fight fanatically with moles? Not always the fault is guilty of damage to the crop, plants, plot. This can be done by mice, nurses, landowners. Here are examples of typical misconceptions. Ukrainian and Russian peasants tell
Why should they be expelled? Unlike ants, moles are REALLY useful - they eat all those larvae and insects that you try to get rid of with chemicals. Moles are close relatives of hedgehogs, they are carnivores and therefore do not eat your carrot with beetroot. And they also do not eat bulbs of flowers. This is done by mice, and the moles of these mice just eat))) Well, so that beds and flowerbeds are not disfigured, that the bulbs in the molehills do not fail - lay the rabbit and on it already erect flower beds and beds.
Moles are insectivorous, eat only animal food. Vegetables eat rodents (hamsters, mice, rats, sometimes voles). So it's better to put up with the molehills, periodically leveling them
A little reference about moles, shrews and a bear, which sometimes harm on a rural site.
A small animal (about 6 cm long, weighing about 10 grams) feeds on insects, finding them in the upper layer of the soil, which it loosens up to the best of its strength, and among the fallen leaves. For a day eats about 15 grams of insects. He does not eat plants, only in winter because of the absence of insects, he is forced to eat grain and seeds left on the ground since autumn. She lives in a burrow, she does not dig her way through the earth like a mole. In general - useful (for man! - nature has no useful and useless, we are all its creatures) being.
This is the true enemy of gardeners and truck farmers! It eats everything: small insects, potatoes, tomatoes, salads, the rhizomes of plants gnaw their strong jaws. The bear can be the real culprit of the damage, which, according to ignorance, is accused by a mole or shrew.
A small animal (10-12 cm long and 70-119 grams of weight), feeds on insects and other small creatures. Do not eat plants! A person is usually disturbed by underground passages, which he paves in the ground. Mole passes the mole to the feeding places of its site, the stern courses are used as traps for insects and worms. And mole heaps of land appear where it can not compact the earth (the soil is already dense) and must be thrown to the surface. Here is an illustration from Wikipedia:
It can damage the root system of plants, but is this damage so significant - a debatable question. An interesting story about the work of a mole:
We moles saved your favorite pear! She was already a grown-up, gave big harvests and then the larvae of the May beetle attacked her - they began to eat up roots. The tree has already blossomed, a lot of fruit has started and suddenly it began to die. The larvae in the soil were the sea! We loosened up a little the ground under the crown, we were given semi-finished compost on top, covered with straw and watered a little. A couple of days under the pear, the earth was walking with a wail of a satisfied mole. Compost drew earthworms to the pear (the food is full and smells so delicious!). And the wolf followed the worms. And then he worms, and larvae! He ate to the heap, brought us order, and loosened up the earth. The Mole was thanked. And the pear is still pleased with the harvest.
Is it possible to live peaceably with a mole?
A man is stronger than a mole. In the war until the last patron he will win. The question is, is victory necessary at any cost. After the reviews about the repellents of moles and the exchange of experience in fighting them, we will think over simple solutions to the problem and, perhaps, we will find a rational grain.
A few more stories of the peasants.
We chased away the moles, and in their place came the water rats. They do not leave hills, but they eat the whole crop, only the tops remain. It turned out that moles eat the young of other rodents, including rat. When the moles returned, the rats left, we leveled the heaps of the land in the garden with the grabs and are very happy, because the harvest is intact.
My husband and I realized that the best way is not to touch the moles, he'll dig himself a calm mink and live in it)), the more you touch their burrows, the more they "repair" more actively. I read somewhere that moles do not like lawn mowers, if mowing regularly, then noise and vibration cause them to look for a quieter place. We mow, in summer the moles do not interfere. But in the autumn, when there is no need to mow, they begin to dig. In 2013, tried to fill, scare off with rags soaked with birch tar, gasoline - it did not help, regularly cleaned the consequences of digging them, trampled on the trails, leveled the molehills, they tore up a dozen more overnight. Past autumn, too, began to appear mounds, maybe heels, we did not touch them, and the mole did not dig any more. And in the spring I gathered these mounds, and planted seedlings in this land - a wonderful, loose soil!
I tried almost all the methods, including electronic means. Moles won! The more I struggled with them, the more piles appeared every morning. Last summer, I gave up and did nothing against them. Only cleaned the ground from the occasional heap. And, miracle, moles calmed down. Calmly used their moves, and I did not spoil their labyrinths. And the heap practically did not become. Only in the autumn, when we rarely came to the country, 2-3 times cleaned the land behind them. Where they paved their way under the tiles on the path, put under the tiles on their turn a veneer, so that the tile did not fail and did not ruin their course. In short, I surrendered to the mercy of the winner. And they pardoned me. Now we live together. And I wish you all the same.